The Tiv People of Benue State

The Tiv a Semi-Bantu-stock from the Katanga region of Congo-Zaire had migrated to seven hills in the West of Cameroon between the year 1750 to 1800 when all the communities in the Apa region of the Kwororofa were in a state of turmoil.

Hence it was easy for the arriving Tiv to fight their way into the land until they reached the banks of the River Benue and Katsina-Ala, thus forcing the Idomas, for example, to move further westwards.

By 1800, all the people in the area to be known later as Benue State had arrived in the area and had learnt to co-exist with one another.

The population of the Tiv people resident in Benue State are spread over fourteen (14) Local Government Areas, and in Zone A and B.

Zone A comprises of:

  1. Logo Local Government Area
  2. Ukum Local Government Area
  3. Katsina-Ala Local Government Area
  4. Ushongo Local Government Area
  5. Kwande Local Government Area
  6. Vandeikya Local Government Area
  7. Konshisha Local Government Area

Zone ‘B’ is made up of:

  1. Gboko Local Government Area
  2. Tarka Local Government Area
  3. Buruku Local Government Area
  4. Gwer-West Local Government Area
  5. Gwer Local Government Area
  6. Makurdi Local Government Area, and
  7. Guma Local Government Area

Note:

Nationally, the Tiv people in Nigeria who are indigenous to Benue neighboring States of Plateau, Nasarawa to the North, and Taraba to the North-East share the same cultural heritage with the Tiv people of Benue State.